Career Details
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Career Details

13-2011.00 - Accountants and Auditors


Examine, analyze, and interpret accounting records to prepare financial statements, give advice, or audit and evaluate statements prepared by others. Install or advise on systems of recording costs or other financial and budgetary data.


Key Facts
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Bright Outlook
1
Career Details
Green Job
Career Details
Current Employment
1,332,700
Estimate
Forecasted Employment
1,475,100
Estimate
Change in Employment
+142,400
Estimate
Change in Employment %
+10.7%
Estimate
Tasks
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Tasks
The tasks listed below can be performed to prepare you for a career in this field.
Core
  • Prepare detailed reports on audit findings.
  • Report to management about asset utilization and audit results, and recommend changes in operations and financial activities.
  • Collect and analyze data to detect deficient controls, duplicated effort, extravagance, fraud, or non-compliance with laws, regulations, and management policies.
  • Inspect account books and accounting systems for efficiency, effectiveness, and use of accepted accounting procedures to record transactions.
  • Supervise auditing of establishments, and determine scope of investigation required.
  • Confer with company officials about financial and regulatory matters.
  • Examine and evaluate financial and information systems, recommending controls to ensure system reliability and data integrity.
  • Inspect cash on hand, notes receivable and payable, negotiable securities, and canceled checks to confirm records are accurate.
  • Examine records and interview workers to ensure recording of transactions and compliance with laws and regulations.
  • Prepare, examine, or analyze accounting records, financial statements, or other financial reports to assess accuracy, completeness, and conformance to reporting and procedural standards.
  • Prepare adjusting journal entries.
  • Review accounts for discrepancies and reconcile differences.
  • Establish tables of accounts and assign entries to proper accounts.
  • Examine inventory to verify journal and ledger entries.
  • Analyze business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments, and obligations to project future revenues and expenses or to provide advice.
  • Report to management regarding the finances of establishment.
  • Develop, implement, modify, and document recordkeeping and accounting systems, making use of current computer technology.
  • Evaluate taxpayer finances to determine tax liability, using knowledge of interest and discount rates, annuities, valuation of stocks and bonds, and amortization valuation of depletable assets.
  • Examine whether the organization's objectives are reflected in its management activities, and whether employees understand the objectives.
  • Audit payroll and personnel records to determine unemployment insurance premiums, workers' compensation coverage, liabilities, and compliance with tax laws.
Generic
  • Develop, maintain, or analyze budgets, preparing periodic reports that compare budgeted costs to actual costs.
  • Prepare, analyze, or verify annual reports, financial statements, and other records, using accepted accounting and statistical procedures to assess financial condition and facilitate financial planning.
  • Process invoices for payment.
  • Review data about material assets, net worth, liabilities, capital stock, surplus, income, or expenditures.
Supplemental
  • Review taxpayer accounts, and conduct audits on-site, by correspondence, or by summoning taxpayer to office.
  • Compute taxes owed and prepare tax returns, ensuring compliance with payment, reporting, or other tax requirements.
  • Advise clients in areas such as compensation, employee health care benefits, the design of accounting or data processing systems, or long-range tax or estate plans.
  • Represent clients before taxing authorities and provide support during litigation involving financial issues.
  • Direct activities of personnel engaged in filing, recording, compiling, and transmitting financial records.
  • Conduct pre-implementation audits to determine if systems and programs under development will work as planned.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Knowledge
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Knowledge

The items listed below are organized into sections that contain knowledge useful for pursuing a career in this field. Each section also contains a "Percentage of Importance" statistic that shows how relevant an item is to the occupation.
 Economics and Accounting
  • 93%
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
 English Language
  • 79%
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
 Mathematics
  • 78%
    Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
 Administration and Management
  • 71%
    Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
 Customer and Personal Service
  • 70%
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
 Law and Government
  • 67%
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
 Clerical
  • 61%
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
 Computers and Electronics
  • 61%
    Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
 Personnel and Human Resources
  • 52%
    Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
 Education and Training
  • 50%
    Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Tools
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Tools
The tools listed below include machines, equipment, tools, and software that is useful for individuals who are interested in this career.
 Computers
  • Laptop computers
  • Notebook computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Desktop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Tablet computers
 Computer data input devices
  • Computer data input scanners
  • Scanners
 Duplicating machines
  • Photocopying equipment
  • Laser facsimile machines
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Technology
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Technology
The technologies listed below include machines, equipment, tools, and software that is useful for individuals who are interested in this career.
 Business function specific software
  • ADP Workforce NowHOT
  • CPSI EHR System
  • Human resource management software HRMS
  • Sage Abra HRMS
  • Microsoft ProjectHOT
  • Microsoft SharePointHOT
  • Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio ManagementHOT
  • Asset management software
  • Corel WordPerfect Office Suite
  • Microsoft OfficeHOT
  • Microsoft Works
 Finance accounting and enterprise resource planning ERP software
  • ATX Total Accounting Office
  • ATX Total Engagement Office
  • Accounts payable software
  • Accounts receivable software
  • Accurate NXG
  • AcorynSystems Activity Based Costing/Management ABC/M
  • AdaptaSoft CyberPay
  • Automation Counselors municiPAL
  • Best MIP Fund Accounting
  • Billing software
  • CCIS AccountAbility
  • CYMA IV Accounting for Windows
  • Client billing software
  • Cost accounting software
  • Evron Computer Systems SAGE PFW (Platinum For Windows)
  • FRx Software Microsoft FRx
  • Financial reporting software
  • Financial statement software
  • Fund accounting software
  • General ledger software
  • Heron CrossTie General Ledger
  • Intuit QuickBooksHOT
  • Intuit QuickBooks Premier
  • Invoice software
  • Lead Activity Analyzer
  • Lead Business Analyzer
  • Micronetics Xpert Write-up
  • Multiview Accounts Receivable
  • New Millennium Communications Genesis Accounting
  • PROPHIX Enterprise
  • Pro Systems Client Write-Up System for Windows
  • Profit Developers Electronic File Interchange
  • Roundtable Software Advantage Accounting System
  • Sage 50 Accounting
  • Sage BusinessWorks
  • Sage CPAAccounts Payable
  • Sage CPAAccounts Receivable
  • Sage CPAClient Checkbook
  • Sageworks ProfitCents
  • Softrax Revenue Management
  • Summit Software Summit Biofuels Accounting
  • Tax software
  • UA Business Software Professional Edition
  • Accountants Templates JAZZ-It!HOT
  • AcornSystems Corporate Performance ManagementHOT
  • Cartesis ES MagnitudeHOT
  • Exact Software Macola ESHOT
  • Lawson ERPHOT
  • Microsoft DynamicsHOT
  • Microsoft Dynamics GPHOT
  • Microsoft Dynamics NAVHOT
  • Microsoft Dynamics SLHOT
  • NetSuite ERPHOT
  • Oracle Fusion ApplicationsHOT
  • Oracle HyperionHOT
  • Oracle JD Edwards EnterpriseOneHOT
  • Oracle PeopleSoftHOT
  • Oracle PeopleSoft FinancialsHOT
  • SAPHOT
  • SAP Business ObjectsHOT
  • Sage ERP AccpacHOT
  • Sage MAS 200HOT
  • Sage Platinum for Windows PFWHOT
  • 1099 ProsSoftware
  • ATX Total Tax Office
  • Abacus Tax
  • Advanced Micro Systems 1099-Etc
  • American Riviera Magtax
  • Avalara AvaTax ST
  • BNA Estate and Gift Tax Suite
  • BNA Income Tax Planning Solutions
  • BNA Sales and Use Tax Rates and Forms
  • CCH ProSystem fx TAX
  • Creative Solutions UltraTax 1040
  • H&R Block Tax
  • IDMS Account Ability
  • Income tax return preparation software
  • Intuit Lacerte
  • Intuit ProSeries
  • Intuit TurboTax
  • KPB Associates TaxStream
  • NewPortWave Year End Solutions
  • Orrtax Software IntelliTax Business for Windows
  • Orrtax Software IntelliTax Classic
  • Thomson GoSystem Tax
  • Universal Tax Systems TaxWise
  • ACL Business Assurance Analytics
  • Accounting fraud detection software
  • Audit management software
  • Audit planning and control environment software
  • AuditWare
  • AuditWare CaseWare Examiner
  • Automated auditors fraud detector software
  • BNA Corporate Tax Audit Analyzer
  • Bi3 Financial Statement Fraud Analysis
  • BizBench
  • Brentmark Estate Planning Quickview
  • Cammack Computations Inter-Est
  • Cartesis Magnitude iAnalysis
  • CaseWare International IDEA
  • CaseWare International IDEA SmartAnalyzer
  • CaseWare Working Papers
  • CashFlow Guardian
  • Cebos MQ1 Audit System
  • Choice Technologies PowerBill +
  • D'Arcangelo Galileo
  • Datavantage
  • Delphi Technology
  • Digital analysis tests and statistics DATAS for Excel
  • Digital analysis tests and statistics DATAS for SAS
  • Estate planning software
  • Financial Competence
  • Fixed-assets depreciation software
  • IAD Audit Leverage
  • InformationActive ActiveData for Excel
  • Internal audit software
  • Kirix ProffiPoint
  • MRO Audit Tracker
  • MethodWare ProAudit Advisor
  • Microsoft FRx
  • OSI TrustWise
  • Oracle E-Business Suite Financials
  • Paisley AutoAudit
  • Paisley IssueTrack
  • Palisade @Risk
  • Pentana audit work system PAWS
  • Pleier Audit Management System
  • PricewaterhouseCoopers TeamMate
  • RSM McGladrey Advanced Practice Solutions Paperless Audit
  • RSM McGladrey Auditor Assistant
  • Recovery audit software
  • Sage MAS 500
  • Sampson Data Pattern Index software
  • Solutions Technology & Software HR Premier
  • Star Software Fixed Asset Depreciation
  • Star Software Materiality Calculator
  • Sync Essentials Trade Accountant
  • Thomson Creative Solutions Engagement CS
  • Thomson Creative Solutions Financial Analysis CS
  • Thomson PPC e-Tools Suite
  • Thomson Reuters Risk Management
  • TimeValue software
  • TopCAATs
  • Tropics
  • Payroll software
  • WorkForce Software EmpCenter Time and Attendance
 Content authoring and editing software
  • Microsoft VisioHOT
  • TechSmith Camtasia
  • Google DocsHOT
  • Microsoft OneNote
  • Microsoft WordHOT
  • Google Slides
  • Microsoft PowerPointHOT
  • Google Sheets
  • Microsoft ExcelHOT
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Microsoft Publisher
 Content management software
  • Adobe Systems Adobe AcrobatHOT
  • Document management system software
  • Iron Mountain Accutrac Records Management Software
  • OmniRIM Records Management Suite
  • Sage CPADocument Manager
 Data management and query software
  • Blackbaud The Raiser's Edge
  • Salesforce softwareHOT
  • Apache SolrHOT
  • Teradata DatabaseHOT
  • ADP Super Report Writer
  • SAP Crystal ReportsHOT
  • Best Software CPAPayroll
  • Data entry softwareHOT
  • FileMaker Pro
  • Microsoft AccessHOT
  • Microsoft SQL ServerHOT
  • Oracle softwareHOT
  • Practice management software PMS
  • Sage 300 Construction and Real Estate
  • Structured query language SQLHOT
  • YardiHOT
  • Yardi Systems Yardi Enterprise
  • Data extraction software
  • WizSoft WizWhy
  • LexisNexis
  • Tumbleweed SecureTransport
  • IBM Cognos ImpromptuHOT
  • Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise EditionHOT
  • Qlik Tech QlikViewHOT
  • TableauHOT
 Development software
  • Microsoft Visual BasicHOT
  • Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications VBAHOT
  • eXtensible Business Reporting Language XBRL
  • SAP BusinessObjects Data Integrator
  • RHOT
  • SwiftHOT
 Industry specific software
  • ACL Audit Exchange
  • Arbutus Analyzer
  • Guidance Software EnCase Enterprise
  • IBM SPSS StatisticsHOT
  • SASHOT
  • WizSoft WizRule
  • ACCUCert
  • Accounting compliance software
  • Bi3 Audit Intelligence
  • Corporate Responsibility System Technologies Limited Compliance Positioning System
  • FLS eDP PAYROLLtax
  • Intrax ProcedureNet
  • Lumigent Entegra
  • Paisley Cardmap
  • Paisley Focus Control Assurance
  • Paisley RiskNavigator
  • Sage HandiSoft HandiLedger
  • Tax compliance property tax management software
  • TrendTracker Compliance Solution
  • Epic SystemsHOT
  • Healthcare common procedure coding system HCPCSHOT
  • MEDITECH softwareHOT
  • Medical condition coding softwareHOT
  • Medical procedure coding software
 Operating environment software
  • Microsoft WindowsHOT
  • UNIXHOT
 Information exchange software
  • IBM NotesHOT
  • Microsoft ExchangeHOT
  • Microsoft OutlookHOT
 System management software
  • IBM Power Systems software
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Certifications
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Certifications
The certifications listed below are useful to pursue if you are interested in a career in this field.
 Specialty
 Advanced
 Core
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Licensing
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Licensing
The licensing information below is organized into sections and is useful for pursuing if you are interested in a career in this field.
No specific licensing information is listed for this occupation in the area you have selected.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Related Programs
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Programs related to this career, offered by participating institution(s), are listed below.

Clicking on the Degree programs in the list below will take you away from the Careers page.
INSTITUTION
PROGRAMS
Brightpoint Community College
Eastern Shore Community College
Germanna Community College
J Sargeant Reynolds Community College
Laurel Ridge Community College
New River Community College
Northern Virginia Community College
Paul D. Camp Community College
Rappahannock Community College
Southside Virginia Community College
Tidewater Community College
Virginia Highlands Community College
Virginia Peninsula Community College
Virginia Western Community College
Wytheville Community College
Jobs
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