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Career Details

19-1023.00 - Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists

Study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management. May collect and analyze biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water habitats.

Key Facts
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Bright Outlook
Career Details
Green Job
Career Details
Current Employment
Forecasted Employment
Change in Employment
Change in Employment %
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The tasks listed below can be performed to prepare you for a career in this field.
  • Study animals in their natural habitats, assessing effects of environment and industry on animals, interpreting findings and recommending alternative operating conditions for industry.
  • Inventory or estimate plant and wildlife populations.
  • Make recommendations on management systems and planning for wildlife populations and habitat, consulting with stakeholders and the public at large to explore options.
  • Disseminate information by writing reports and scientific papers or journal articles, and by making presentations and giving talks for schools, clubs, interest groups and park interpretive programs.
  • Study characteristics of animals, such as origin, interrelationships, classification, life histories, diseases, development, genetics, and distribution.
  • Inform and respond to public regarding wildlife and conservation issues, such as plant identification, hunting ordinances, and nuisance wildlife.
  • Check for, and ensure compliance with, environmental laws, and notify law enforcement when violations are identified.
  • Analyze characteristics of animals to identify and classify them.
  • Perform administrative duties, such as fundraising, public relations, budgeting, and supervision of zoo staff.
  • Organize and conduct experimental studies with live animals in controlled or natural surroundings.
  • Coordinate preventive programs to control the outbreak of wildlife diseases.
  • Prepare collections of preserved specimens or microscopic slides for species identification and study of development or disease.
  • Raise specimens for study and observation or for use in experiments.
  • Collect and dissect animal specimens and examine specimens under microscope.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The items listed below are organized into sections that contain knowledge useful for pursuing a career in this field. Each section also contains a "Percentage of Importance" statistic that shows how relevant an item is to the occupation.
  • 93%
    Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
 English Language
  • 80%
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
 Law and Government
  • 69%
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • 68%
    Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • 68%
    Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
 Customer and Personal Service
  • 66%
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
 Computers and Electronics
  • 66%
    Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
 Administration and Management
  • 64%
    Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • 56%
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
 Communications and Media
  • 55%
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
 Public Safety and Security
  • 55%
    Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
 Education and Training
  • 54%
    Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
 Personnel and Human Resources
  • 50%
    Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The tools listed below include machines, equipment, tools, and software that is useful for individuals who are interested in this career.
 Pest control devices
  • Animal traps
  • Light traps
 Commercial fishing equipment
  • Bongo nets
  • D-ring nets
  • Dip net samplers
  • Gill nets
  • Jellyfish scoops
  • Plankton nets
  • Seines
 Specialized and recreational vehicles
  • Snowmobiles
  • All terrain vehicles ATV
  • Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
 Recreational watercraft
  • Small power boats
  • Canoes
  • Jet skis
  • Rubber rafts
 Forming tools
  • Sledgehammers
 Measuring and layout tools
  • Metric measuring tapes
 Holding and clamping tools
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
 Ladders and scaffolding
  • Extension ladders
  • Water pumps
  • Air compressors
 Laboratory entomological equipment and accessories
  • Aerial nets
  • Odonata nets
  • Sweeping nets
 Sampling equipment
  • Folsom plankton splitters
  • Benthic samplers
  • Ekman dredges
  • Multiplate samplers
  • Secchi disks
  • Water samplers
 Specimen collection and transport containers and supplies
  • Scintillation vials
  • Specimen collection containers
  • Water sample collection containers
 Laboratory incubating equipment
  • Laboratory mechanical convection incubators
 Weight measuring instruments
  • Laboratory balances
  • Monopan balances
  • Spring scales
 Length and thickness and distance measuring instruments
  • Micrometers
  • Laser hypsometers
  • Rulers
  • Vernier calipers
 Viewing and observing instruments and accessories
  • Dissecting microscopes
  • Photomicroscopes
  • Compound binocular light microscopes
  • Compound microscopes
  • Hand lenses
  • Spotting scopes
  • Binoculars
 Indicating and recording instruments
  • Counting chambers
  • Flow meters
 Temperature and heat measuring instruments
  • Calorimeters
  • Field thermometers
  • Water thermometers
 Gas analyzers and monitors
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 monitors
 Electrochemical measuring instruments and accessories
  • pH meters
  • Conductivity meters
  • Dissolved oxygen meters
  • Salinity meters
 General laboratory glassware and plasticware and supplies
  • Laboratory beakers
  • Graduated glass laboratory cylinders
  • Laboratory funnels
 Laboratory implements
  • Laboratory forceps
  • Notebook computers
  • Desktop computers
  • Personal computers
 Computer printers
  • Laser printers
  • 35 millimeter cameras
  • Digital cameras
  • Tree top peeper and video probe systems
  • Dart guns
 Safety apparel
  • Leather gloves
  • Nitrile gloves
 Hunting products
  • Culvert traps
  • Foot snares
  • Mist nets
 Scuba and snorkeling gear
  • Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus SCUBA equipment
  • Snorkels
 Audio and visual equipment
  • Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Animal transmitters
  • Radio telemetry equipment
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The technologies listed below include machines, equipment, tools, and software that is useful for individuals who are interested in this career.
 Business function specific software
  • Microsoft ProjectHOT
  • Corel WordPerfect
  • Microsoft OfficeHOT
 Content authoring and editing software
  • Microsoft WordHOT
  • Word processing software
  • Microsoft PowerPointHOT
  • IBM Lotus 1-2-3
  • Microsoft ExcelHOT
  • Spreadsheet software
 Data management and query software
  • Data entry softwareHOT
  • Database management software
  • Microsoft AccessHOT
  • Relational database software
 Development software
  • PythonHOT
  • RHOT
  • Microsoft Active Server Pages ASPHOT
 Industry specific software
  • Computer modeling software
  • Statistical software
 Information exchange software
  • Email software
  • Microsoft OutlookHOT
  • ESRI ArcGIS softwareHOT
  • ESRI ArcView
  • Geographic information system GIS softwareHOT
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The certifications listed below are useful to pursue if you are interested in a career in this field.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The licensing information below is organized into sections and is useful for pursuing if you are interested in a career in this field.
No specific licensing information is listed for this occupation in the area you have selected.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Related Programs
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Programs related to this career, offered by participating institution(s), are listed below.

Clicking on the Degree programs in the list below will take you away from the Careers page.
Brightpoint Community College
Eastern Shore Community College
Germanna Community College
J Sargeant Reynolds Community College
Northern Virginia Community College
Paul D. Camp Community College
Tidewater Community College
Virginia Highlands Community College
Virginia Peninsula Community College
Virginia Western Community College
Wytheville Community College
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Jobs related to this career may be found on or on the Google Job Search page.