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Career Details

29-2011.00 - Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.

Key Facts
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Bright Outlook
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Current Employment
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The tasks listed below can be performed to prepare you for a career in this field.
  • Analyze laboratory findings to check the accuracy of the results.
  • Conduct chemical analysis of body fluids, including blood, urine, or spinal fluid, to determine presence of normal or abnormal components.
  • Operate, calibrate, or maintain equipment used in quantitative or qualitative analysis, such as spectrophotometers, calorimeters, flame photometers, or computer-controlled analyzers.
  • Enter data from analysis of medical tests or clinical results into computer for storage.
  • Analyze samples of biological material for chemical content or reaction.
  • Set up, clean, and maintain laboratory equipment.
  • Provide technical information about test results to physicians, family members, or researchers.
  • Supervise, train, or direct lab assistants, medical and clinical laboratory technicians or technologists, or other medical laboratory workers engaged in laboratory testing.
  • Develop, standardize, evaluate, or modify procedures, techniques, or tests used in the analysis of specimens or in medical laboratory experiments.
  • Cultivate, isolate, or assist in identifying microbial organisms or perform various tests on these microorganisms.
  • Establish or monitor quality assurance programs or activities to ensure the accuracy of laboratory results.
  • Collect and study blood samples to determine the number of cells, their morphology, or their blood group, blood type, or compatibility for transfusion purposes, using microscopic techniques.
  • Obtain, cut, stain, and mount biological material on slides for microscopic study and diagnosis, following standard laboratory procedures.
  • Select and prepare specimens and media for cell cultures, using aseptic technique and knowledge of medium components and cell requirements.
  • Conduct medical research under direction of microbiologist or biochemist.
  • Harvest cell cultures at optimum time, based on knowledge of cell cycle differences and culture conditions.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The items listed below are organized into sections that contain knowledge useful for pursuing a career in this field. Each section also contains a "Percentage of Importance" statistic that shows how relevant an item is to the occupation.
 Medicine and Dentistry
  • 79%
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • 78%
    Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
 Customer and Personal Service
  • 77%
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • 76%
    Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
 English Language
  • 76%
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • 65%
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • 64%
    Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • 60%
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
 Education and Training
  • 60%
    Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
 Computers and Electronics
  • 57%
    Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
 Production and Processing
  • 53%
    Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The tools listed below include machines, equipment, tools, and software that is useful for individuals who are interested in this career.
 Laboratory heating and drying equipment
  • Plasma thawers
  • Thermal cyclers
 Histology equipment
  • Tissue embedding equipment
  • Automatic tissue processors
  • Tissue cassettes
 Laboratory cooling equipment
  • Blood bank refrigerators
 Fluid mechanics equipment
  • Scintillation counters
 Laboratory enclosures and accessories
  • Fume hoods
  • Laminar flow cabinets
  • Laminar flow hoods
 Laboratory mixing and stirring and shaking equipment and supplies
  • Electrical mixers
  • Platelet rockers
  • Serology tube rotators
 Laboratory centrifuges and accessories
  • Microhematocrits
  • Centrifuges
  • Ultracentrifuges
 Specimen collection and transport containers and supplies
  • Sterile blood lancets
  • Tourniquets
  • Collection tube holders/adapters
  • Unopettes
  • Evacuated blood collection tubes
 Fermentation equipment
  • Anaerobe jars
  • Candle jars
 Laboratory pumps and tubing
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps
 Weight measuring instruments
  • Balances
  • Triple beam balances
  • Analytical balances
 Viewing and observing instruments and accessories
  • Light microscopes
  • Photomicroscopes
  • Compound light microscopes
  • Fluorescence microscopes
 Indicating and recording instruments
  • Cell counters
  • Differential cell counters
 Chemical evaluation instruments and supplies
  • Osmometers
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA plate readers
 Light and wave generating and measuring equipment
  • Flame photometers
  • Photometers
  • Bench refractometers
  • Colorimeters
 Spectroscopic equipment
  • Spectrometers
  • Spectrophotometers
 Clinical and diagnostic analyzers and accessories and supplies
  • Agglutination viewers
  • Automated chemistry analyzers
  • Automated/semi-automated dipstick analysis systems
  • Chemistry analyzers
  • Heterologous test systems
  • Homologous test systems
  • Automated coagulation analyzers
  • Coagulation analyzers
  • Portable coagulation analyzers
  • 5-part differential automated hematology analyzers
  • Automated hematology analyzers
  • Automated platelet analyzers
  • Differential hematology analyzers with laser technology
  • Hemaglobinometers
  • Hematology analyzers
  • Hematology task-targeted automation TTA systems
  • Semiautomated hematology analyzers
  • Flow cytometers
  • Automated urinalysis equipment
  • Urinometers
 Pipettes and liquid handling equipment and supplies
  • Automatic pipetters
  • Automatic pipetter diluters
  • Diluters
  • Manual pipettes
  • Single-channel pipettes
  • 8 and 12 channel pipettes
  • Dropping pipettes
  • Safety pipetting devices
 Test Tubes
  • Sterile transfer tubes
  • Capillary sticks
  • Capillary tubes
 Tissue culture and high throughput screening supplies
  • Petri dishes
  • Microtiter plates
  • Antigen-coated test plates
  • Sensitivity plates
 Injection and aspiration needles and accessories
  • Needle holders
  • Butterfly needles
  • Blood collection needles
  • 22-gauge needles
 Syringes and accessories
  • Blood collection syringes
  • Notebook computers
  • Desktop computers
  • Personal computers
 Computer printers
  • Laser printers
  • Label printers
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The technologies listed below include machines, equipment, tools, and software that is useful for individuals who are interested in this career.
 Business function specific software
  • Microsoft ProjectHOT
  • Microsoft OfficeHOT
 Content authoring and editing software
  • Microsoft WordHOT
  • Word processing software
  • Microsoft PowerPointHOT
  • Microsoft ExcelHOT
  • Spreadsheet software
 Data management and query software
  • Database software
  • FileMaker Pro
 Industry specific software
  • Commercial plate reader software
  • Electronic medical record EMR software
  • Hematology laboratory workflow management software
  • Laboratory information system LIS
  • MEDITECH softwareHOT
  • Medical digital imaging software
  • Medical procedure coding software
  • Medical software
  • Medical system integration software
  • Microscopic image capturing software
  • Quality control software
  • Reimbursement screening software
  • Specimen tracking software
  • Test result delivery software
  • Test routing software
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The certifications listed below are useful to pursue if you are interested in a career in this field.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
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The licensing information below is organized into sections and is useful for pursuing if you are interested in a career in this field.
No specific licensing information is listed for this occupation in the area you have selected.
All data sourced from US Department of Labor, Employment & Training Administration O*Net Database.
Related Programs
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Programs related to this career, offered by participating institution(s), are listed below.

Clicking on the Degree programs in the list below will take you away from the Careers page.
Germanna Community College
J Sargeant Reynolds Community College
Laurel Ridge Community College
Northern Virginia Community College
Paul D. Camp Community College
Tidewater Community College
Virginia Highlands Community College
Virginia Western Community College
Wytheville Community College
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Jobs related to this career may be found on or on the Google Job Search page.